A leg cramp usually happens due to a muscle spam when it contracts too much and mostly occurs in a calf muscle behind and below the knee and can usually last from a few minutes to a few seconds but have been known to last for up to 10 minutes in some cases. Muscle cramps are most common at night when you are resting and can become a distressing condition if your sleep is regularly disturbed to the point were sleep is out of the question.
Some symptoms of leg cramps can range from an inability to move ones leg, to severe leg pain and muscle tenderness. Many causes of leg cramps can be dehydration, a diminished blood supply, rigorous exercises, muscle fatigue due to overexertion, being overweight and a fluid inbalance.
There are many easy ways to get rid of leg cramps such as taking a hot shower and letting the hot water run over the sore muscle. You can also press your toes against a wall and stretch the calf muscle; you can repeat this until the cramp goes away. Also stretching out on the floor with your legs out and then bending down to touch your toes will help get rid of cramps.
one of the best ways to rid of cramps is to massage the affected area with essential oils such as eucalyptus, lavender and rosemary oil. One raw clove of garlic will also help you in keeping cramps away as well as drinking papaya seed tea once daily.
If you want to use vitamins try taking a daily vitamin of E supplements and adding around 1000 milligrams of calcium and magnesium.
Of course with muscle cramps prevention is the best way to treat them so keep yourself hydrated by drinking at least 3 liters of water per day and more if you are exercising and sweating fluids out.
Stretching before working out will also help you in avoiding leg cramps as this helps relax the muscles and keeps them from cramping up.
When working out try to start gradually as a sudden increase or change in physical activity will cause your muscles to tense up.
By paying attention to these tips you should be able to treat and avoid muscle cramps and enjoy your workout a whole lot more.