Obesity is a known risk factor in women as it causes ovulation problems, but new studies have shown that it also contributes to women who ovulate normally. Women who were severely obese were 43% less likely to become pregnant compared to the normal weight women who were considered overweight but not obese.
New findings at John Hopkins Hospital showed that the pituitary gland actively responds to chronically high levels of insulin which triggers a cascade of hormonal changes that disrupt ovarian function and impairs fertility. This finding challenges the widely held belief that infertility is a result of insulin resistance or body’s insensitivity to elevated insulin levels and a hallmark of obesity.
“What we propose is a fundamentally new model showing that different tissues respond to obesity differently, and that while cells in the liver and muscle do become insulin resistant, cells in the pituitary remain sensitive to insulin,” stated the principal investigator at Hopkins Children’s Hospital.
In the past scientist have centered their attention on treating infertility by reducing the insulin levels as a way to treat insulin resistance. But the new model suggests that decreasing the pituitary glands sensitivity may be an important new target for treatment instead.
Insulin resistance which is marked by persistently elevated insulin levels, abnormal regulation of blood sugar and insensitivity to insulin in the liver and muscle cells, happens in type 2 diabetes and is the most common cause of infertility in women. Polycystic Ovary Syndrome is the most common cause of infertility in women today.
The best way to avoid the pitfalls of infertility by this manner is to:
- Drink plenty of water beginning with 2 or 3 glasses when you awake.
- Keep your metabolism up by exercising daily
- Eliminate processed foods from your diet
- Cut the sugar drinks including sodas and energy drinks
- Keep your stress levels low
- Add as many fruits, vegetables and nuts to your diet
- Get plenty of sleep