To understand hypothyroidism one must first understand what a thyroid hormone is. The thyroid gland is located in the lower area of the neck. The thyroid hormones are created by the thyroid gland. These glands wrap themselves around the trachea and have a shape similar to that of a butterfly. Iodine from the food that one consumes is used by the thyroid gland to create hormones. The job of these hormones is to relay messages from your organs to the cells of your body. They do so by traveling to other parts of the body where their main job is to control the way in which organs and cells do their jobs. One example would be in the hormone called insulin that is produced by beta cells in your pancreas. When the pancreas releases it into your blood it quickly begins to regulate in the way that the cells of your body uses glucose for energy. This is especially important for diabetics as their need for glucose regulation is more vital and must be carefully watched.
Hypothyroidism is a common condition which is characterized by abnormal low thyroid hormone production. This may directly involve the thyroid gland and because thyroid hormones can have an effect on ones growth, development and many cellular processes it can have widespread consequences in a person’s body. Some of the causes of hypothyroidism which has its start in the thyroid gland include primary hypothyroidism. Secondary hypothyroidism is caused by a disorder of the pituitary gland and tertiary hypothyroidism is caused by disorders of the hypothalamus. One of the most common causes is hashimoto’s thyroiditis in which the body’s own immune system attacks its own cells. Some symptoms of hypothyroidism include fatigue, which is the initial symptom and can have one feeling groggy and slow in movements. Depression is the next stage of the disease as the fatigue can leave you wanting more bed rest. Soon afterwards weight gain will arise as your decrease level of activity and exercise declines due to fatigue and depression.
Loss of hair is also a common symptom and is more focused the hair in your eyebrows but some cases have shown that a small percentage do experience hair loss on the top and sides of their head. Sexual dysfunction and lack of ability to focus and concentrate and loss of memory are also a common symptom. Treatment for hypothyroidism can be easily done by limiting your intake of carbs as it is harder to process carbs when you have an underactive thyroid. You can also treat it by drinking low fat milk and consuming yoghurt every day and including it in your daily diet. Lean meats, chicken and fish are also primary proteins that can help in treatment and you can also add legumes, seeds, lima beans, and beans to aid your metabolism. Stay away from foods containing too much fiber as they can depress and slow down your metabolism and worsen your condition.
If carefully controlled and monitored one can enjoy quality of life even after discovering the symptoms.